Essay on The Pros and Cons of Mainstreaming

1145 Words 5 Pages
Mainstreaming is a very controversial subject in world of education, yet it is such a milestone event for all special needs children. After researching the history of handicapped and special needs children, I have a stronger outlook on the subject matter. As a teacher in training I feel that all children must feel comfortable, safe, and free in order to grow and to discover. Mainstreaming can achieve such a goal for most special needs children today. Yet, as always, there are some exceptions. First of all, I must explain the history of mainstreaming, and the leaps and bounds our nation has over come to arrive to a place of understanding our future citizen’s needs. In the early twentieth century our national, state, and local …show more content…
to students with a wide range of disabilities, including physical handicaps, mental retardation, speech, vision and language problems, emotional and behavioral problems, and other learning disorders. [2] Since then, laws have been extended to accomplish nondiscriminatory treatment for all people who deal with special needs. Most recent, in 1997 the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), and in 2004 the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) were amended. Following this further, both the ADA and IDEA have a main principle in common which is to achieve a “least restrictive environment” (LRE). This principle has called for the practice of mainstreaming and inclusion which have caused much debate. The term mainstreaming is a practice of placing special needs students in general education classes for a least part of the school day. On the other hand, inclusion retains the child in the regular classroom, and brings the support services to the child rather than moving the child around to separate rooms or buildings. For the most part, I am so torn in which way I would cast a vote. I know without a doubt that our great nation has made all the precise moves to give our quiet citizens a voice and rights. I want nothing more than a classroom environment that all students can prosper. I can understand all the positive outcomes that mainstreaming and inclusion may provide. First of all, children

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