The Ozone Layer Essay

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The Ozone Layer

     In environmental science the green house effect is a common term for the role water vapor; carbon dioxide and ozone play in keeping the earth’s surface warmer than it would normally be. The atmosphere is primarily transparent to infrared radiation from the sun, which is mostly absorbed by the earth’s surface.
The earth being much cooler than the sun, remits radiation most strongly at infrared wavelengths. Water vapor, carbon dioxide and ozone then absorb much of this radiation and remit a large proportion back towards the earth. The atmosphere thus acts as a kind of blanket: without its presents the earth’s average ground temperature of 15 degrees Celsius would fall to -28 degrees
Celsius.
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     No matter what term you use global warming or greenhouse effect, they both play a major role in the earth’s climate. Climate researchers are attempting to predict, based on ocean and air circulation, how great an increase there will be. If global warming continues then the polar ice caps will melt and most of the earth will be flooded and a lot of lives will be lost.
     The Ozone is located in the stratosphere, approximately 10 km - 50 km above the earth. The density of ozone gas at zero degrees Celsius is 1 ATM.
The Ozone is relatively unstable form of molecular oxygen containing three oxygen atoms (O ). Radiation from the sun continuously bombards the Earth’s atmosphere, causing molecules to break apart into component elements that form into new chemical compounds. Ozone is produced when upper-atmosphere oxygen molecules (O ) are broken apart by ultra-violet light. Most of the freed oxygen atoms immediately bond with nearby oxygen molecules to form ozone (O + O =O ).
The only method used to make commercially is to pass gaseous oxygen or air through a high voltage alternating-current electric discharge called a silent electric discharge. Ozone near the earth’s surface is generally regarded to as a bad . It is created from industrial, transportation, and some natural sources. It is the most noxious component of smog. All high concentration, 0 is known to reduce human lung capacity, as well as damage the

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