The Origin of Modern Nationalist Movements Essay

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The Egyptian nationalist movement was inspired by the Tunisian revolution. Thousands began taking the streets on January 25, 2011, demanding the overthrow of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak The people protested poverty, vast unemployment and corruption. Through the use of the internet, the Egyptian masses were able to mobilize and protest, amidst the coercive apparatus of the Egyptian government. The lack of control over the police power in Egypt further cornered Mubarak and his regime. With no means to strike down rebellion or quell the mobilization of protesters, the Egyptian citizens produced a successful genesis of a nationalist movement.
Education played a limited role in the Egyptian revolution. While the population isn’t poorly
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The military is run by generals who served in the 1967 and 1973 wars with Israel. The generals have cooperated closely with the United States since Cairo's 1979 peace treaty with Jerusalem. Lisa Anderson contends that “in contrast to the other Arab militaries, the Egyptian army is widely respected by the general populace.” While the government was opposed, the reputation of the military went untarnished. Through its variety of services, the military retained much of the state capacity. The Egyptian military stood nearly autonomous and soon separated from the central authorities. Thus the Egyptian government was disadvantaged in comparison to other nations. Not only did Mubarak not have the state capacity to push down a nationalist movement, he also faced an autonomous military with a strong state capacity and deeply interwoven into the domestic economy.
In Egypt, inequality greatly impacted the nationalist movement. Egypt posted Gini Coefficient of 30.77 in 2008, its last recorded year. However, the number doesn’t tell the full story. In Egypt the top 10% held 26.5 percent of the income. In contrast, 25 percent of Egypt’s citizens are below the poverty level. Inflation, determined by the annual change of consumer prices, increased over 10 percent every year between 2009 and 2011. While unemployment and poverty rose, the Egyptian government remained inactive, only amplifying the tension. The situation worsened the

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