The Nixon Doctrine and Its Effects on International Relations

1285 Words 6 Pages
The Vietnam War spanned the terms of Presidents Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon, and Ford. Each president was plagued by the seemingly unwinnable war that was unfolding in Indochina and except for Presidents Nixon and Ford all were committed to somehow winning the war. However, it was President Nixon that made the decision to instead commit the United States to developing South Vietnamese forces to protecting itself from North Vietnam and other invading nations. Thus, the Nixon Doctrine was not focused directly on the containment of communism or on defending developing nations via declarations of war against aggressors but instead was focused on developing the native military forces of those nations requesting aid and supplying such …show more content…
However, North Vietnam had been giving aid to the Khmer Rouge party in order to turn Cambodia into a communist ally with the trade-off of providing soldiers to fight against American and South Vietnamese forces (Khmer Rouge, 2011). Thus, using the policies of the Nixon Doctrine, U.S. forces began to bomb East Cambodia in an attempt to deter and destroy Khmer Rouge forces. While such a situation is not specifically addressed in the Nixon Doctrine, the administration justified its actions in stating that since an aggressive force in a neutral state was attempting incursions against the joint force of the United States and South Vietnam, the air bombing was an act of self-defense for both the United States as well as South Vietnam (Meiertöns, 2010). The action taken against the communist forces of Khmer Rouge was justified by the Nixon Doctrine which includes a commitment to aid all allies and those nations vital to U.S. security by providing military assistance where the aided nation does not have the mean necessary to take appropriate action to defend itself. Such was the case when the United States provided air bombing capabilities to South Vietnam in order to defend the joint military forces and halt an incursion of an external military force. The Vietnam War took place during the Cold War which signified an era in which many of the United States’ international policies were designed with communism in mind. The Vietnam War was

Related Documents