The Most Common Types of Learning Disabilities Essay

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Throughout this course, we have discussed a lot about the different types of learning disabilities that are present. One of the most common types of learning disabilities is called dyslexia. Within this writing, we shall discuss what dyslexia is, causes of this learning disability, the different types of dyslexia, the types of signs one can look for to identify a possibility of this learning disability, areas of life this learning disability affects, strategies to cope with this learning disability, strengths of this learning disability and some interesting facts and statistics. The definition of Dyslexia has been changing for a long time. For example, in the 1920’s dyslexia was defined as a type of defect in the visual system which …show more content…
Trauma dyslexia happens when there is some sort of injury to the left side of the brain; which controls the reading, writing, speaking and spelling part (Perlstein, 2013). The second cause of dyslexia is known as “primary dyslexia” (Perlstein, 2013). Primary dyslexia is when it is a malfunction in the left side of the brain. This type of dyslexia is generally hereditary and is more common in boys compared with girls Perlstein, 2013). Lastly the third cause of dyslexia is called “secondary dyslexia” or “developmental dyslexia” (Perlstein, 2013). Developmental dyslexia becomes less prominent as one grows up. When we start discussing about the different causes of dyslexia, we would also come across the types of dyslexia. There are five main types of dyslexia and they are surface dyslexia, phonological dyslexia, double-deficit dyslexia, auditory dyslexia, visual dyslexia and orthographic dyslexia (Chavez, 2008). Surface dyslexia is when one is unable to properly pronounce English vocabularies (Chavez, 2008). Phonological dyslexia is when one is unable to grasp the correct pronunciation of new vocabularies due to the inability to understand the connection between the individual syllables and the entire word (Chavez, 2008). As for double-deficit dyslexia, it is a combination of phonological and surface dyslexia (Chavez, 2008). Auditory dyslexia is when dyslexics have neurological weaknesses in the magnocellular cells of the brain where auditory is controlled

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