The Many Components of Printing Essay

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When one says the word “printing” most people think of a small desktop inkjet printer. Printing is much more than just ink on a paper. Printing is an art form that is mixed with science. There are many components of printing. Printing consists of prepress operations, paper and ink selection, plate making, and printing itself. Prepress operations very between print shops, but all aspects are essential to printing a quality book. Before computers, photographers had to take pictures of layouts on a board and impose the resulting photos of each page onto what is called a flat. Flats would then be used to make the printing plates. Much of traditional prepress work has been blended with design and page layout. Modern prepress works starts …show more content…
Correctly folded signatures make a booklet which is then sewn and trimmed together. These signatures are then bound to make a book. Proofing can occur once impositioning is complete. Multiple kinds of proofs exist. Traditionally, blueprint proofs were made from direct contact with imposition film. The use of imposition film to make plates is no longer necessary, so blueprints are falling out of use. Proofing is done to check for errors, quality, and color accuracy. Progressive proofs of individual and coupled colors are used to determine color accuracy. Contract proofs are usually expensive and are made to closely match what comes off the press. Nevertheless, even these proofs are hard to trust because they use a different file than the one used for platemaking. Proofs are becoming growing to be more accurate as technology advances, but one must always take into account that the specific ink and paper used on a press will yield unique results (Lee, 198). The selection of ink and paper requires expert knowledge to get desired results. CMYK, or process color, is the most common type of color printing. This type of coloration is the industry standard. Cyan, magenta, yellow, and black inks are used on top of each other in different shades to create a wide variety of colors. This form of color printing requires that the paper be printed on the same spot in different colors. Heavy inking can weigh down the paper and cause

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