Essay on The Legal Position of Jews in Medieval Germany

2432 Words 10 Pages
CRAM Exclusive
Essay Sample: Page 2
The rulers viewed the Jews as their own personal property, at their disposal for better or worse. The German emperors justified this view by stating that as ‘successors of the emperors of Rome, they were lords of their Jewish captives and the Jews were serfs of the imperial chamber’ (Goodman 1911:103). This is known as the concept of chamber serfdom. Adler (1969:13) quotes a German prince as saying ‘The Jews belong to us in body, soul and earthly goods. We can do with them as we please and as we find convenient’. This attitude of convenience is evident in the way that kings used their powers over Jews, going from protection to degradation to expulsion. The concept of chamber serfdom itself can be seen as a ‘mix of protectionism and cavalier exploitation, all geared to ensure the financial utility of the Jews to the state’ (Cohen 1994:45). How the Kings decided to use their power depended on financial incentives. When the Jews were of economic benefit they were protected and when they no longer provided benefits to the crown they were treated badly.

The first appearance of legalisation regarding chamber serfdom appears in Henry IV’s imperial land peace of 1103 (Kisch 1935:68). Made in reaction to the crusade threats, it enabled him to give special protection to the Jews (Brenner 2008: 100).As nice as it might be to claim this as a kind humanistic act it probably had to more to do with
CRAM Exclusive
Cop60598Imp

Related Documents

  • Essay about Discrimination Against Jews in Germany

    Discrimination Against Jews in Germany Jewish people in Germany were badly hated in 1933 to 1939, this hatred dated all the way back to Jesus being killed by Jews. This was when the king ordered the death of Jesus by nailing him to a crucifix, it was because of this event taking place that Hitler and the nazi’s hated Jewish people so much. Hitler made his hatred for Jewish people very clear by the way he treated

    Words: 593 - Pages: 3
  • The Status and Position of the European Jews at the End of the 19th Century

    The Status and Position of the European Jews at the End of the 19th Century Anti-Semitism has always occurred throughout the history of Europe. Discrimination against the Jews has happened in many ways, ranging from mere physical bullying right through to mass genocide. Throughout the 18th Century Jews had thought they had seen the end of the hated racism that was so constantly pounded at them, but that was all about to change. As one day Adolf Hitler made a speech, and

    Words: 1798 - Pages: 8
  • The Status and Position of European Jews at the Beginning of the 20th Century

    The Status and Position of European Jews at the Beginning of the 20th Century A Jew is a person belonging to the religion of the Jewish faith. At the beginning of the 20th century many Jews occupied land in Europe. The Jews had many different positions and status's depending on which country they were living in, in some places Jews were welcomed as part of the community but in other places there were always those who were suspicious of them. Jews were discriminated (singled

    Words: 1006 - Pages: 5
  • Anti-Semitism in the West from Constantine to the Expulsion of Jews from Spain

    Anti-Semitism in the West from Constantine to the expulsion of Jews from Spain OUTLINE Introduction I. Constantine and Christianity as the state religion A. Legislation concerning Jews B. The Justinian Code C. Anti-Semitic Church Fathers II. The Crusades A. The march to Jerusalem B. Fourth Lateran Council C. Host desecration and blood libel D. Pogroms III. The expulsion of Jews from Spain A. The Inquisition B. The Conversos C. Expulsion Conclusion

    Words: 6429 - Pages: 26
  • The Medieval Church Essay

    September 2012 Lingberg and Duffy have a different look on The Medieval Church in the middle Ages. Unfortunately though, the church is often regarded as the capital of corruption, evil, and worldliness. An overview of the crisis concerned with farming, famine and the Black Death. I thought Lindberg was more persuasive than Duffy because of how he thought about farming, famine and the Black Death. As the Medieval church did offer many opportunities for ordinary people, makes us think

    Words: 1002 - Pages: 4
  • Daily Life in Nazi Germany Essay

    Daily Life in Nazi Germany After assuming political power, Adolph Hitler decided to implement his mission of reviving German strength, acquiring territory for more living space or Lebensraum, and establishing a foundation of a pure racial state. In order to achieve his goals, Hitler needed to create a national community unified in mind, will, and spirit. (Volksgemeinschaft). Volksgemeinschaft could only be attained through total state control; therefore, every

    Words: 3125 - Pages: 13
  • Jews Essay

    of Palestine for many centuries before the birth of Christ. The Jewish version of this period is told in the Bible. It describes how God chose the Jews as his special people and gave them the land of Israel. Under the kings David and Solomon the Jews reached a peak of power in the 10th century before Christ however by the end of the second century AD Jews were no longer a majority in Palestine. The Diaspora had spread the Jewish people far across Europe where they suffered much anti-Semitic discrimination

    Words: 3962 - Pages: 16
  • Jews and the Passion Essay

    atonement began to shape the way in which Christian’s approached Jews in the questions of God. While Anselm’s satisfaction theory of atonement began to promote an appeal to reason among Christians towards Jews, Abelard’s moral influence theory of atonement had the potential on encouraging religious tolerance. Due to the political climate of this time, Anselm’s theory took hold and became the prominent theological arguments against Jews. To understand the significance that the evolution of the theory

    Words: 1459 - Pages: 6
  • Essay on Legal

    universal predicament for lawyers and legal systems. What is the relationship between personal status laws and general state-made laws? To what extent should the formal law allow for, or seek to restrain, the legal implications of religious and socio-cultural diversity? To what extent does a state, whether secular or not, actually have power and legitimacy to decree and enforce legal uniformity? There are many more agendas at play here than simply the central issue of legal authority, focused on the power

    Words: 18607 - Pages: 75
  • Medieval Christianity Essay

    MEDIEVAL CHRISTIANTY The Papacy In the Middle Ages there was a conflict between the Emperor and the Pope that was known as the Investiture Struggle. What was the nature of this conflict between church and state? It concentrates on the papacy and the papal claims to universal authority. Investiture is defined as the ceremony or act of investing or installing someone in high office. Having that understanding it is easy to see why the question would be asked by the emperor, on what basis and

    Words: 1985 - Pages: 8