Essay about The Impact on Social Psychology on Society

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The need for social psychology is thought to have originated from large-scale conflicts such as wars, famines, and other catastrophes. “According to the field’s first historian, F.B. Karpf, the answer is affirmative: The social turbulence surrounding the Civil War motivated the development of the field” (Morawski, 2000, p. 427). Largely in response to whatever historic event was taking place at the time, social psychological theories were developed to explain these events with concrete, usable data. People needed a method to understand the “social features of (their) psychological experiences” (Morawski, 2000, p. 429) and to standardize social establishments.
In 1890, William James constructed a theory to explain the human need for
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Near the end of the 19th century, a desire formed for social psychology to be “based on the likes of evolutionary theory, anthropological views, or the mechanical philosophy of science” (Morawski, 2000, p. 428). Following evolutionary principles, J.O. Quantz’s theory (1897) described the attachment of humans to trees. To explain the human psyche, Quantz said that while humans progress as individuals , they can and will regress to former evolutionary states in reaction to certain social situations. In his earliest days of existence, man would rely on trees for protection from predators and for shelter. Today, in difficult social conditions, man will retreat to a ‘safe place’ in much the same way as his early ancestors did. Quantz’s premise stated that to explain our social existence, we must include historic and evolutionary standards. In later years, psychologists aimed for more ‘mechanistic and deterministic’ means of explaining social and individual reactions. Sheldon (1897) found in his study of children interacting in a social context, that there was an inherent risk of “social psychological regression to earlier social forms” and justified the need for systematic data to standardize society (Morawski, 2000, p. 429). Due to data contributions by Sheldon and other psychologists, the 19th century established the need for social psychology to help predict once totally

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