In the late 1800’s, before World War 1, European countries saw a dramatic change within their societies. New and more liberal ideas began to emerge, and challenged the traditional European beliefs. Ordinary, average people started to ponder on new practices that would forever change society. Ideologies such as Marxism, Freudianism, and women’s movement not only revolutionized the face of Europe, but also shaped the continent’s government and society.
Marxism was a theory from Karl Marx that spread a thought for communist regime. He brought out the idea of a struggle in the working class called “the bourgeoisie-proletariat struggle” that disclosed the working class overthrowing the middle-class (Bourgeoisie) Marx believed that this
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Freudianism separates struggle and conflict amid three entities: ID, Superego, and the ego. ID is the irrational driving instincts for sexual gratification and sensual pleasure, the superego exemplifies the expectation enforced on the personality by society and the ego is what meditates the impulses of the ID and the severity of the superego. This theory challenged traditional European beliefs about rationalism and human nature itself. Humans were seen as “achieve rationality” instead of having to simply exercising it. Freud saw the personalities of humans as being determined by limited physical and mental strengths in a set world. This idea also attacked faith because it showed that God did not craft human behavior but rather it was a product of the humans themselves. Freudianism showed the ludicrousness of human behavior eventually drawing questions of rationalism of Europe before World War 1.
Women’s movement was a movement that also revolutionized the face of Europe by challenging its conservative views on women. This movement started off with women starting to work in factories more to leave their more traditional domestic role behind. During this time, men were allowed to cheat, whereas women were not because they would be looked down upon. Women decided to demand that this double standard of “sexual freedom” be taken away and instead have a wider “sexual freedom” provided. Not only did they want the same sexual freedom as men,