Essay on The Human Animal

1822 Words 8 Pages
Several things make humans different from animals. These include burying of the dead by humans out of respect, humans evolving to stop relying primarily on instinct, humans being aware of themselves, the feeling of wrong and right sense, as well as evil and moral, complex languages and methods of communication by humans, human use of the brain in exceedingly complex ways compared to animals, and human ability to advance technology. The premise of this paper is to delve into the consequences of these differences. The paper will study moral behaviour, human uniqueness, and consciousness or lack of consciousness.
The first consequence of the difference between humans and animals is human uniqueness (Levinas, 2004 p48). Any attempt to answer
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In mammals, brain size is usually related to the size of the body. Humans, relative to the mass of the body, have the largest brains. The chimpanzee has a brain that is approximately 300 cm3 in volume, with a gorilla having a slightly larger one. In contrast, the human brain is 1300cm3 to 1400cm3. The human brain is also more complex with the cognitive function processor, cerebral cortex, being much greater to the rest of the brain in comparison to apes (Jeeves, 2011 p35). A large brain and an erect posture are just a selection of the features that distinguish humans from non-human primates, despite being the obvious ones. Others include teeth and jaw size reduction, face remodelling, larynx and vocal tract modification with implications as to what language the human will speak, body hair reduction, opposing thumbs, and cryptic ovulation (Jeeves, 2011 p35). Humans are different to all apes and animals in anatomy and no less in functional behaviour and capacities (Levinas, 2004 p49). This is seen both socially and individually. The most fundamental of these are intellectual faculties that are advanced, allowing the human to think abstractly and visualize reality that is not present, categorize objects in to general classes, and to reason. Other features that result to human uniqueness are awareness of death and self, symbolic language, technology like tool making, extremely variable and complex forms of

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