Essay about The History of the Irish Conflict

2175 Words 9 Pages
The History of the Irish Conflict
Works Cited Not Included

One cannot think of Ireland nowadays without having images of violence and thoughts of religious conflict in their head. These images and thoughts are deep-rooted in a history full of social and governmental turmoil. It was this turmoil that led to the partitioning of the country in 1921 (Makar).

Connacht, Leinster and Munster, three of the four provinces of Ireland, became an independent nation ? the Republic of Ireland, under the Anglo-Irish Treaty. Ulster, the fourth province, broke away from mainland Ireland creating what we know as Northern Ireland (FAIT, 1998). Now, after Britain has put the future of Northern Ireland in the hands of the Irish, it is faced with the
…show more content…
Protestants are mainly characterized by the strong desire to preserve ties to Britain. Dating even as far back as 200 years, groups such as the Orange Order have worked vehemently to keep Protestants in power and strengthen the association between Northern Ireland and British rule (World Book, 1998). Today, additional loyalist groups, such as the UVF (Ulster Volunteer Force), the UFF (Ulster Freedom Fighters), and the Red Hand Commandos, are also at the forefront of the fight to uphold British ties and increase Protestant representation of Northern Ireland in parliament (FAIT, 1998).

Republicans, on the other hand, are those who fight for a united Ireland (a joining between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland) ("Groups"). Groups such as the IRA (Irish Republican Army) and its political arm, Sinn Fein, the Provisional IRA, the Real IRA and the INLA (Irish National Libertarian Army) are dominated by the Catholics who are ready and willing to use all means, including violence, for one Ireland (FAIT, 1998). It is important to note, however, that many Catholics oppose terrorist actions of groups like the IRA, although the do support the principles for which they stand for ("Search").

Perhaps the most well remembered clash between the two sides is what has come to be known as Bloody Sunday. Nationalists found that the system in place at the

Related Documents