Essay on The History Of The Internet

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The History of The Internet

     Imagine talking about the latest elections with someone three thousand miles away without receiving a tremendous phone bill. Or sending a letter to a friend or relative and having it arrive one second later. How would it feel to know that any source of information is at your fingertips at the press of a button? All of these are possible and more with a system of networks all connected and sending information at light speed from place to place known as the Internet. This is a trend word for the nineties yet it has a background that spans all the way back to the sixties. The history of the Internet is a full one at that even though it has only been around for about 30 years. It has
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The next university was Stanford Research Institute (SRI) then UC Santa Barbara
(UCSB), and finally University of Utah (Cerf 1).

     The original computers used to connect to the ARPANET were consider super computers of the time. Science Data Systems (SDS) Sigma 7 was the name of the original computer at UCLA (Cerf 1). Each one of the computers connected to each other at a speed of about 400,000 bytes per second or 400 kbps over a dedicated line, which was fast at the time. Originally they connected using a protocol, "Network Control Protocol", or NCP but as time passed and the technology advanced, NCP was superseded by the protocol used by most Internet users today TCP/IP (Sterling 2). TCP or Transmission Control Protocol converts the message into streams of packets at the source, then reassembles them back into messages at the destination. IP, or Internet Protocol handles the addressing, seeing to it that packets are routed across multiple nodes and even across multiple networks with multiple standards not only ARPA's. This protocol came into use around 1977 (Zakon 5).

     In 1969 there existed 4 nodes, in 1971 there were 15, and in 1972 there were 37 nodes. This exponential growth has continued even today in 1996 there are about 5.3 million nodes connected to the Internet (Zakon 14). The number of
people,

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