The Historical, Philosophical, and Empirical Foundations of Psychology

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The field of psychology is a discipline, originated from many branches of science. It has applications from within a complete scope of avenues, from psychotherapy to professional decision-making. The flexibility and versatility of this field reflects its importance and demands in-depth analysis. Psychology was a division of philosophy until it developed independent scientific disciplines. The history of psychology was a scholarly study of the mind and behavior that dates back to the beginning of civilization. There are important details from previous theory psychologist, research have contributed to behaviorism approaches and have contributed towards specific current behavioral practices. Contemporary behavior therapy began to emerge …show more content…
The techniques of psychological analysis can be traced back to the Book of Optics by Alhazen in 1021 (Ibrahim, 2002). Then later in the 17th century, Rene Descartes, a French philosopher, put forward his concept of dualism (Cherry, 2008), conveying that the mind is essentially a separate entity from the body, and therefore needed to be studied separate. This concept provided an interest to many of the idea of the contemporary psychology concept, including the constant debate over the effects of the influence of environment versus the unconscious mind on human behavior (Cherry, 2008). Later, a French physiologist, Pierre Cabanis, incorporated psychology into the biological sciences by studying the human mind and stating that the soul is a property of the biological functioning of the human mind (Cheryl, 2002). Many would believe this as the first attempt to develop psychology as a scientific field, instead of a purely theoretically philosophical subject.
However, in the year 1879 there was a major contribution made in the field of psychology, when the first laying down of the foundation of for the contemporary science of psychology for academic growth. This was done and made possible by the founding of the first psychology laboratory at the Leipzig University, in Germany, by the German physician Wilhelm Wundt (Cherry, 2008). This particular laboratory handled and educated hundreds of students towards

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