Essay on The Historical Development of the Welfare State Since 1945
In this task I am going to examine and describe how the welfare state was invented and developed since 1945. The welfare state as we know it today was a far cry from the Elizabethan England where people were offered no security and, in desperation, were forced to beg the streets in order to survive. In these times only the very minimum security was offered to the elderly, however the unemployed were left to starve to death.
There was no particular change in these laws until the industrial revolution, which was an important period in the social history of Britain. The industrial revolution marks the change of agriculture to factory …show more content…
At the beginning of the 20th century all services were ‘selective’ and were only offered to those who were in need of them the most. A ‘means test’ was carried out to asses whether a family should receive financial help, however, the foundation of the modern welfare state was established when people began to believe that all services should be universal and offered to everyone, despite their financial or social status.
This all began to change during the second world war, when the prime minister, Winston Churchill appointed Sir William Beveridge to investigate existing National insurance schemes after realising that at the end of the war they would be a