Charlotte Gilman’s work The Yellow Wallpaper is an incredible scheme that keeps the whole story the author wants to present behind the outer one the story of a demented woman kept in a nursing house. The fundamental idea about the outer surface and the inner essence covered by it is both implemented into the structure and expressed by the message of the story. The recount of the psychological metamorphosis that the character undergoes is hidden behind the matter-of-a-fact story about a mad woman and her visions in a gloomy room with yellow paper on the walls. The understanding of the mental recovery the character experiences is contingent on the reader s ability to distinguish between the cover and the essence below it as
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At various cases, the main character seems to present herself through her husband s eyes as if he is speaking through her voice. When the woman says Of course, it is only nervousness and later But I must not think about that the command in these phrases reveals that they are said by her husband and she has successfully internalized them as her own will. As John prescribes every single minute of her regime her medicines, her diet, her sleeping hours and even the subjects that should preoccupy her mind the character has lost her own identity under the suffocating influence of her husband. Rejected the right to make any decision on her own, she gets used to being completely dependent on her husband s will and judgments. Although there are no clues in the story about what led the character to her nervous breakdown, the reader gradually becomes aware that if not directly caused by it, it was at least catalyzed by the suffocating control her husband exerted on her over the years.
Somewhere between the voices that interfere in the character s monologue her husband s and her own there is a streak of some inner voice that seems to evaluate what is happening in the narrator s life from a more distant viewpoint. This inner voice expresses opinions and gives judgments that the character would never dare speak out openly; it even