The Great Plague of Europe Essay

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The deadly rapidly progressing disease known as the Great Plague of Europe or what is often referred to as the Black Death that swept through the European population between 1347 and 1353 initially began in China. Throughout human discourse, all three forms of the infectious disease have played a devastating role in the epidemics that resulted in high death rates in 14th century Europe. The Black Death of Europe that occurred was the second of the three great waves to hit throughout history. The first plague broke out in the 6th century during the reign of the Byzantine under the Emperor Justinian, reaching his capital in Constantinople. The third great wave of the plague began in China’s Yunnan province in 1894, emerging in Hong Kong and …show more content…
The disease is spread by the following animals: rats, mice, squirrels, cats, dogs, prairie dogs, wood rats and woodchucks and is transmitted to people by fleas or close association with other disease carrying hosts. The researchers from Eye Witness History estimate that body count from the Black Death between 1347 to 1353 was about 75 million deceased people, which is estimated to be anywhere between 25% and 50% of the population. (Wade, 2010) The plague presented itself in three interrelated forms. The most common type is the bubonic variant. The name bubonic is derived from the swellings or buboes (lesions) that will appear on a victim’s neck, armpits, and groin area. These lesions could range from the size of an egg to a small apple. Although some people were fortunate to survive the devastating disease, a victim of the bubonic variant had a life expectancy up to a week after being affected. Fleas that hosted the disease attached themselves to a new host and then jumped to humans and bit them thereby spreading the disease to that person. The first victims in Europe to contract the disease at the time of its arrival to the mainland were the sailors who were returning home to Genoa Italy in October of 1348 since they were the most involved with trade however the same could be said for the merchants as well. These sailors were coming back from

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