Essay on The First Amendment to the United States Constitution

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December 15, 1791 the First Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified, guaranteeing that "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech." At an absolute minimum, the Establishment Clause was intended to prohibit the federal government from declaring and financially supporting a national religion, such as existed in many other countries at the time of the nation's founding (University of Missouri-Kansas City, 2011). Prefacing the institution of the Establishment Clause, society was becoming increasingly concerned that the government was dictating to the people which type of religion they should favor. The tables turned back in …show more content…
to the United States Supreme Court the decision of the District Court would be upheld. This case was argued on March 16, 17, 1925 and decided June 1, 1925. Pierce v. Society of Sisters would be the second case after the ratification of the Fourteenth Amendment and after Reynolds v. Supreme Court which first cited Thomas Jefferson’s language describing “the wall of separation” of church and state.
Pierce v. Society of Sisters Case Summary The Sisters' case alleged that: the enactment conflicts with the right of parents to choose schools where their children will receive appropriate mental and religious training, the right of the child to influence the parents' choice of a school, the right of schools and teachers therein to engage in a useful business or profession (Cornell University). Hill Military Academy alleged in their complaint against the Compulsory Education Act by reason of the statute and threat of enforcement appellee's business is being destroyed and its property depreciated ... (Case Law) The Compulsory Education Act, prior to amendment, had required all Oregon children between eight and sixteen years of age to attend public school. There were several exceptions incorporated in this Act: (1) Children who were mentally or physically unable to attend school; (2) Children who had graduated from eighth grade; (3) Children living more than a specified distance by road from the nearest school: (4) Children being

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