The Family as an Agent of Socialization Essay

1383 Words 6 Pages
Family is a fundamental social institution in society, the family, is considered the primary and most important agent of socialization. Family typically consists of a man and woman and their children or two or more people who usually reside in the same home and share same goals and values. Traditionally, in all societies, the family has always been seen as a social institution; that has the biggest impact on society.
Everyone is born into some form of family, with the family taking the responsibility of nurturing, teaching the norms or accepted behaviors within the family structure and within society. There are many types of families, which can be described as a set of relationships including parents and children and can include anyone
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Other social beliefs are norms became less important and impacted the structure of the nuclear family. More couples are getting divorced, than they were decades ago, when the belief of society was to frown upon divorce. Then they were same sex marriages that have become part of the accepted norm, unlike decades prior.
There are many other factors that contribute to the change in views and beliefs, replacing what was the responsibility of the family. This is especially true in this 21st century technological era; we are no longer limited to learning about the norms of society through the family but through other agents like mass media.
The functions of the family can be found within the theory of Functionalism. Families satisfy a number of important functions, such as, support, status, and culture. As stated above the family is seen as the most important agent of socialization and is responsible to teach the values and norms of the society.
Functionalism promotes marriage as important it ignores conflict and diversity. Functionalists believe that families are the foundation of social order, even though marriages over the decades have been on the decline. Functionalists view societies as having structures that include families, religions, schools, economies, and states; each institution is dependent on each other. “Think of a society as a living organism in which each part of the organism contributes to its survival. This view is the functionalist

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