The Face of the Other
Everything seen is seen with the help of the Others. At birth, we are thrown into a specificity of culture that is alien to us. We are engulfed in this culture and the networks of ideologies entailed by culture that define the world because there is a grounding for the possibility of ideology that lies not only in our existence of a subject with Others, but also in the way that culture, as a form of existence with Others, manifests meaning and understanding. Although we are thrown into culture, we cannot recognize us as beings alien to the cultural process itself, there is a primordial ethical responsibility that our existence with the Others calls forth.
Culture arises at the same moment it disperses, it is
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Individual cultures exist with their respective and unique ideologies. In the post-Marxist era, the term ideology has been readily used by anti-authoritarian forces to dismiss given hegemonic forces. But, this discourse may have not fully explored the primordial possibilities of ideology. Ideology is more than a word and a tool used by sociologists to simplify a very complex process. Ideology operates necessarily as an epistemological, rational being uses language. Here we will attempt to create a phenomenological ontology that incorporates the ideological process into the individual. This paper will explore that possibility: the ideological process as an ontological process manifested directly out of a “being-for-others” or a “theyself” of sorts. Ideology works in the area where thoughts meet language, which may be where the I encounter the Others. It is the process through which the projects of the Others enter into and form the individual. I will seek to show that ideology is not operated only as a linguistic phenomenon. It is more than that, and it operates on an ontological level as well. As all linguistic operations, it is manifested by two words that will be key terms in this paper, the elemental “Saying”, and it is manifested in the rational “Said”. This paper will also work from the Levinasian standpoint that the face of the Other gives the primordial possibility to meaning, and also through to Alphonso