Ethics is a systematic approach using linear logic to determine what is considered “right” and what is considered “wrong” pertaining to a particular situation or scenario. In addition to considering what is right and wrong, the rights of society as a whole and the rights of the individual are also taken into account when making an ethical decision. Ethics can be thought of as the rules and guidelines that are used as a rubric to protect people from what may be potentially harmful to them. Morals are personal, they describe what an individual perceives as right and wrong, the differences in morals and ethics often lead to opposing outlooks and interpretations in certain circumstances. Many styles of thought have developed while attempting
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This belief is utilitarian in nature because it focuses solely on the consequence of helping the person rather than the action itself (Thompson 2007). From the utilitarian view point, it is expected that a person will do the most good according to the consequences of their actions. An example of beneficence involves an umbilical cord bank and how some of their principles and practices may not be entirely ethical. The bank is accused of advertising exaggerated abilities of the stem cells obtained from the umbilical cord to the patients. This may give the patients false hope in the event that they need the cells for medical purposes (Serrano-Delgado et al 2009).
Deontology, at the opposite end of the spectrum, is an ethical way of thinking that only involves evaluating the act itself and does not consider the consequences of that action to be the primary concern. Deontology is very similar to Natural Law; according to natural law, an act is inherently right or wrong. The ideology of natural law has a religious origin from the Catholic Church developed by St. Thomas Aquinas (Thompson 2007). Because the determination of the ends justifying the means as in utilitarianism is quite subjective, the deontologist focuses on the act instead. This is a stanchly different approach considered to utilitarianism.
One reason used to support deontological theories is