The Evolution of State and Local Government Essay

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The Evolution of State and Local Government If you ask most people today what level of government they have the most involvement with and that impacts their lives the most, they will undoubtedly respond with, “the State and local governments”; this is true for most Americans. From police and fire protection, to transportation, to conducting business, the citizens of America depend on their State and local governments to respond to their increasing needs. With this increase in demands, are we asking too much of our officials and will they be able to continue to respond with local, innovative ideas or will they grow into a mega-bureaucracy with stifling inflexibility? This paper will look at State and local government’s history, point out …show more content…
The structure used for state governance is the federal system with an executive, legislative and judicial branch. The Tenth Amendment gives powers to the states. The legislative branch has two chambers; the senate usually elected from districts according to county lines and the House of Representatives. In 1964 the US Supreme Court ruled that districts had to be of equal population for elections. The executive branch head is an elected governor with branch members; lieutenant governor, attorney general, secretary of state, auditor, treasurer, commissioner of agriculture and commissioner of education. State government operations vary from state to state. The judicial branch structure and methods of selection for judges is decided by the state. State court has final say on issues of state law. Various other offices of the state deal with other issues. Counties and towns were created by the state for local administration. Their structure, officers, duties and responsibilities were prescribed in general state law, and officials in them were regarded as local agents of the state government. (Hall, 2005)
Article Four of the Constitution outlines the duties of the states to each other and the federal governments’ duties to the states. The federal government

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