The Environmental Impact of Off-Shore Oil Exploration and Production

3828 Words 16 Pages
Introduction The extraction of oil onshore has been ongoing for several decades. Offshore oil extraction is a process that began decades after onshore exploration had begun. For many years, scientists and the oil companies were certain that the exploration and production of petroleum from deep-water formations would not incur any sort of environmental damages. Several decades later, scientists learned new information from monitoring programs and research studies that offshore drilling did cause effects on the health of benthic organisms and other marine fauna in the proximity of offshore platform rigs.

This paper studies the consequences of offshore platform rigs on marine organisms and wildlife from the perspectives of what causes
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This process begins when the oil company’s exploration manager studies an area in particular. Once the oil company obtains the lease for the area planned for development, the site is examined thoroughly, seismic sampling is performed, the first exploratory drilling takes place (in order to know if the well contains oil and will be of economic benefit) and finally, the well is put into production.

II. Environmental Issues

Externalities from oil extraction Offshore oil and gas exploration and production cause several environmental externalities. Various operations in offshore rig platforms pertain to exploration and hydrocarbon extraction: perforation, cementation, stimulation, and transportation. The use of the facility and the living environment of the engineers at these offshore bases can also impact the environment.

Once the location has been decided and the company has been granted permission through Federal leasing for the operations, the platform is located. The platform rig location can cause environmental impacts. The platform rig location can cause disturbances to deep-water organisms. Perforation of oil wells consists of utilizing drill bits to puncture the continental shelf and begin drilling. As the perforation of the well is taking place, several forms of muds are incorporated into the well to facilitate the perforation. These forms of “muds” are most likely to be either synthetic or oil-based and

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