The Environmental Impact of Off-Shore Oil Exploration and Production
This paper studies the consequences of offshore platform rigs on marine organisms and wildlife from the perspectives of what causes …show more content…
II. Environmental Issues
Externalities from oil extraction Offshore oil and gas exploration and production cause several environmental externalities. Various operations in offshore rig platforms pertain to exploration and hydrocarbon extraction: perforation, cementation, stimulation, and transportation. The use of the facility and the living environment of the engineers at these offshore bases can also impact the environment.
Once the location has been decided and the company has been granted permission through Federal leasing for the operations, the platform is located. The platform rig location can cause environmental impacts. The platform rig location can cause disturbances to deep-water organisms. Perforation of oil wells consists of utilizing drill bits to puncture the continental shelf and begin drilling. As the perforation of the well is taking place, several forms of muds are incorporated into the well to facilitate the perforation. These forms of “muds” are most likely to be either synthetic or oil-based and