The Entrenchment of Political Systems Through Colonialism in Burma and Thailand

1800 Words 8 Pages
CRAM Exclusive
Essay Sample
Between Thailand and Burma (Myanmar) military regimes have ruled for over 100 years. In this paper I shall investigate the role of colonialism in deepening and further entrenching the political system of military regimes in Burma. To show this, I will first look at the background before exploring the causal factors which help prove my thesis. I have chosen to compare Burma to Thailand because despite holding many pre-colonial similarities Thailand was never colonised, consequently many of the

middle of document…

The British rule employed the ablest men from the Indian army to govern Burma, which unintentionally began the precedent of military rule and weakened any potential local civilian rule (Nibset 219-221). The nature of the colonialism established military rule as key, with a weaker civil society.

With the British colonial rule came taxation, contractual law, and trade. The tax system for rural areas were allowed local elites to keep whatever they earned in tax above what the British required, leading to an exploitation of the local populations through tax burdens (Nibset 146-7). The British also managed a monopolisation of trade and all duties charged, this encouraged a dependence on British markets and allowed increased economic control by the colonial regime (Nibset 29). The economics of the colonial regime consequently was highly extractive in removing wealth from the local population.

Unlike Burma, Thailand was never colonised, after contacted for trade at a similar time to Burma but with the French who had began to colonise Vietnam. Thailand was able to stay out of colonial control through the reigns of Mongkut 1804-1868 and Chulalongkorn 1853-1910 through a mix of shrewd policy and good fortune. After seeing the British in Burma and the tremendous power in the ability to draw the borders of countries in negotiation, the Thai king set out to map and define the Thai territory, along with citizenship rights in order to appear more ‘state-like’ (Baker 39-40, 58-9, 62).
CRAM Exclusive
Cane67868River

Related Documents

  • Thailand Economic System Essay

    Thailand implements a controlled floating exchange rate system, pricing to market forces on the Thai baht, and the Thai central bank would only intervene in the market when necessary, in order to avoid excessive exchange rate volatility to the expected impact of economic policies. At present, the global economic slowdown, domestic demand is not good in Thailand. In order to keep the country's export competitiveness, the Bank of Thailand is more inclined to let the baht weaken. Trade and investment

    Words: 2076 - Pages: 9
  • Essay about Impact Of British Colonialism on the Indian Caste System

    The caste system in India is elaborately structured to have an Indian touch to it, clearly distinguishing it from social structures worldwide. Caste is a word often used to describe a cluster of people who have a specific rank in the society. Each caste system is elaborately crafted to suit the needs of the society and they vary from group to group; each has its own rules and customs. Different chaste systems are planned in a hierarchical manner to become part of any of the four

    Words: 2699 - Pages: 11
  • Essay on Islamic Political System

    Islamic Political System Political aspects of Islam are derived from the Qur'an, the Sunna, Muslim history, and elements of political movements outside Islam. Religion and politics are one and the same in Islam. They are intertwined. We already know that Islam is a complete system of life and politics is very much a part of our collective life. Just as Islam teaches us how to perform prayers, observe fasting, pay Zakah and undertake Hajj, so it teaches us how to run a state, from a government

    Words: 590 - Pages: 3
  • Political System of Germany Essay

    Political system. The Federal Republic of Germany is a federal state created by the German Federal Constitution (Grundgesetz, Art. 20 (1)). Germany consists of 16 states (L„nder) each with their own constitution. Articles 70 et seq. of the constitution allocate legislative powers between the federal government and the states. The general rule is that a power not expressly granted the federal government (expressed in Articles 70, 71 and 73 of the Grundgesetz) is retained by the state

    Words: 1696 - Pages: 7
  • Essay about Egypt Political System

    Egypt Political System: Egypt has offered humanity the oldest political system ever. Along the River Nile’s bank, the first central, unified state in the world was formed. Egypt had the precedence in creating the life of a whole nation through the formation of organizational frameworks that had an important role in maintaining the values of democracy and freedom. Egypt’s permanent constitution (issued in September 1971and later amended on May 22 1980) regulates the State’s political system and determines

    Words: 1046 - Pages: 5
  • The Structure of Political System in Brazil Essay

    The Structure of Political System in Brazil Many countries in the world adopted the unique and valuable political system of the US, and the political system of Brazil mainly is oriented toward so called pro-American political system. Political system refers to all kinds of recognized political and state institutions, the way of their formation, the matters of legitimacy, culture and delegation of power within the population and political structures. The main law, the Constitution, gives clear

    Words: 788 - Pages: 4
  • Political Protest under the Totalitarian System Essay examples

    The paper concerns the principles presupposed in political protest against the totalitarian regime. In contrast to the utilitarian view of participating in political protest (K.D.Opp, M. Taylor) the author tries to suggest the moral model of political protest. According to this model, the main reason and motif for challenging the regime is the transgression of the limits of concession, which jeopardizes the spiritual identity and essential qualities of the individuals and all groups (i.e., Church

    Words: 4017 - Pages: 17
  • The Separation of Power and Its Significance for the Political System

    The Separation of Power and Its Significance for the Political System The principle behind the separation of power is to limit the powers of government by separating governmental functions into the executive, legislative and judiciary. The concept has its fullest practical expression in the US constitution. James Madison, who was later to become the fourth US President said: “The accumulation of all powers, legislative, executive and judiciary, in the same hands

    Words: 587 - Pages: 3
  • Thailand Essay

    Thailand The topic that I will be discussing is Thai culture. In this, it will include areas that influence this culture. First, I will give you the geographical information of the country of Thailand. The second area that I will look at will be language. Language is an extremely important part of culture and some say that one cannot be found without the other. After that I will inform you about customs, traditions and taboos in Thai culture. This is a very important part of culture and

    Words: 4087 - Pages: 17
  • Notes on Colonialism and Imperialism Essay

    Domination achieved through trade, investment, and business activities * Two types of modern colonialism * Colonies ruled and populated by migrants * Colonies controlled by imperial powers without significant settlement * Economic motives of imperialism * European merchants and entrepreneurs made personal fortunes * Overseas expansion for raw materials: rubber, tin, copper, petroleum * Colonies were potential markets for industrial products * Political motives * Strategic

    Words: 1487 - Pages: 6