Essay about The Effects of Sleep Deprivation in College Students

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Introduction

Most people believe that stress is only caused by day-to-day actions such as a working on a difficult exam, getting suck in traffic on your way to work, or even just forgetting your phone at home. Although there are the more thought-of methods of stressing oneself out (such as leaving things for the last minute or having a long discussion with someone), it is less commonly known that lack of sleep can cause significant stress on the human body and mind, leading to cognitive impairment (Giese et al., 2013). According to the National Sleep Foundation, adults over the age of 18 should be sleeping anywhere from 7-8 hours of sleep per night while pre-adults from ages 5-17 should allow themselves 8.5-11 hours of rest (National
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Men who slept for short periods of time had more negative interactions with their romantic partners than those who slept longer (Williams et al., 2013). Adolescents that slept little had compromised emotional information processing (Soffer-Dudek, Sadeh, Dahl, Rosenblat-Stein, 2011). Researchers found that difficulties in beginning and maintaining sleep, and nightmares were common in children that had experienced a traumatic and stressful event (Schäfer & Bader, 2012).
Although there have been no studies that found that lack of sleep had no effect on stress, studies have found that there are numerous factors that could add to stress levels. One of these factors is over-sleeping. In a study done by Joel Herscovitch and Roger Broughton, participants reported that while they can tolerate low hours of sleep, they felt worse after attempting to make up for lost sleep by over-sleeping (1981). After a certain amounts of days without sleep, the body needs time to recover. While this can be important, many people attempt to recover lost time by sleeping hours over the average sleep-time. Sleep-time isn’t the only thing that can affect stress levels. Two studies done at the Karolinska Institute of Sweden and Wayne State University in Detroit found that when participants were exposed to radiation levels similar to those of a cell-phone, they took longer than the control group, that received no radiation, to fall into the deeper stage of

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