The Effects of Parental Divorce on Adolescents' Psychosocial Development

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Psychosocial development is defined as psychological development pertaining to the interaction between social and psychological factors. There are many issues that play a role in adolescent psychosocial development. Some of those factors that have the most impact on psychosocial development in adolescents come from divorce effects. Divorce is defined as the legal splitting of two married couples becoming single again, ending their covenant with each other. The biggest outcomes that come from divorced families would be psychosocial development of internal and external stress sources, and intimate and social relationships. Other factors that can come into play are closeness with parents, well-being, and reactions to life situations and …show more content…
The first aspect of psychosocial development in adolescents is internal and external stress sources. Teen years are one of the most difficult years people can go through. So, it is not a huge surprise to see adolescents go through stressful situations, whether those situations are in their control or not. Divorce, however, is mostly not in their control. When teens’ parents separate, the adolescents are more likely to experience “…more stressful paths and more distress…” compared to teens in non-divorced families (Huurre, Junkkari & Aro, 2006). The stress on divorce can be overwhelming; most teens in divorced families may have to deal with deciding on which parent to live with and which parent to visit every once in a while. Teens may develop constraints towards one parent or both parents when experiencing the parents’ hardships as well. These stress factors in divorced families result in “…both boys and girls…exhibiting more externalizing and internalizing problems [as well as] problems in social competence and in school compared to those in non-divorced families” (Størksen, Røysamb, Holmen & Tambs, 2006). Internalizing problems that could occur in these adolescents would be social identity difficulties, attitudes toward certain things, and stress levels. Externalizing problems would be

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