The Effects of Erikson’s Eight Stages of Life on Personality Essay

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The Effects of Erikson’s Eight Stages of Life on Personality
The personality of an individual changes and develops over a lifetime, and these changes may either help or hold one back from attaining their goals. Getting stuck in a certain stage of development may affect one mentally and socially. According to Erikson (1963) a stable, functional individual successfully progresses through each stage and shapes a personality that is unique and stable. This paper investigates the possible effects on personality of regression to an earlier stage: it is hypothesized that individuals who do not develop through the eight stages of life will have damaging issues in terms of their personality. Erikson’s eight stages of life are as follows;
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You need to find balance in each of these stages in order to be able to continue on to the next stage and develop your personality. Getting stuck in a stage can have serious consequences Sneed, Whitbourne, and Culang (2008) studied how Erikson’s eight stages of life were modeled over 34 years of life. They predicted that Ego integrity - the sense of oneself as their own person - scores would begin to increase toward the end of middle adulthood replicating development and a changing cultural climate. The study involved 347 participants that were students at the time at the University of Rochester and studied in later periods of the life (ages 20, 31, 42, and 54). Measures which were evaluated among participants included accuracy, self reporting, and observer ratings. Sneed et al. found great significance across all the methods used in relation to actual personality traits on Erikson’s predictions. They found timing the control of these stages of life would be distinctive to each participant even though they shared the same interior dynamic, in other words, going through the appropriate stages of life at the correct time greatly affects personality. They concluded that Erikson’s eight stages of life are a good predictor for personality traits. Once again, there is evidence that personality characteristics and Erikson’s stages of life are related. James and Zarrett (2008)

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