The Effects of Emotion on Children’s Eyewitness Testimony Essay
In this paper, I will discuss the importance of emotion in eyewitness testimony, followed by the differences between children and adults in eyewitness testimony. Further, I will discuss how emotional focusing can be used during the questioning of children.
Emotions play a significant role in eyewitness testimony, and are of interest to many psychologists. This is due to the fact that emotion has a large role in memory—specifically for aversive events. Crimes, being aversive in their nature, are very conducive towards testing this type of emotional memory. It was found that memory for aversive events are more complete than memory for neutral events (Huston, Clifford, Phillips, & Memon, 2012). In one study, adult participants watched slightly different versions of a scenario; one where a woman was mugged, and one where she was asked the time. In both of these versions, a woman withdraws money from an ATM, and walks down a trail into a wooded area, followed by a man. In the mugging condition, the man raises his voice, grabs her purse, and runs away with it. In the time condition, the man asks the woman what time it is, and as