The Effect of Bilingualism on The Working Memory Essays
This term is used to describe bilinguals who are gradually losing one of the two languages as a result of disuse.
Bilingualism as Cognitive ability Chin and Wigglesworth said “Knowing two languages simply means gaining access to two different worlds and having twice the opportunities”(2007,p.53). Some parents thought that bilingualism has a bad effect on their children. They thought that when their children learn two languages, they will confuse one language with the other. So, their children will not learn any of the two languages successfully. This is what known as Separate Underlying Proficiency. Autumnfeild (2011) believed that when a child learns two languages, she/he will have two different systems and they do not work together when they are talking or thinking. Many scholars believed that mastering one language leads to losing the other language. In contrast to the Separate Underlying Theory, the Common Underlying Theory shows that the two languages are saved together but they do not operate separately. Baker and Jones said , “there is substantial interaction between the two languages, with language switching and cooperative sharing. The amount of room or thinking space available seems vast, even endless (1998, p.24).”
Baker and Jones (1989) said that learning two languages affects