Essay on The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

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The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is the comprehensive guide to diagnosing psychological disorders. This manual is published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) and is currently in its fifth revision. Moreover, the manual is utilized by a multitude of mental health care professionals around the world in the process of identifying individuals with disorders and provides a comprehensive list of the various disorders that have been identified. The DSM serves as the essential resource for diagnosis of mental disorders based off of the various signs and symptoms displayed by individuals while also providing a basic reference point for the treatment of the different disorders. The manual attempts to …show more content…
The new DSM helped to identify the new classifications of mental this sorters that were emerging from research. Adolf Meyer headed the team that created the new DSM which had a distinctly psychodynamic feel to it. This manual was first revised in 1968 and increased the number of disorders that were identified from 106 to 182. While the DSM-II showed very few changes, the DSM-III was a major revision released in 1980. This new DSM moved away from the psychoanalytic approach that had been evident in the first two editions and identified 265 different categories diagnosis. The new edition focused primarily on biology and genetics has been influential causes psychological disorders rather than individuals past or unconscious mind. The new manual also saw the emergence of an axis system for identifying disorders. This axis-based system would continue through the DSM-IV, released in 1994, and was intended to help clinicians identify disorders based upon their rule in different axis. The DSM-IV increased the number of disorders and would undergo a text revision in the year 2000. In 2006, a committee, headed by Doctor David Kupfer, began looking at a new DSM. The DSM-5 was released in May of 2013 and includes an extensive

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