The Contribution of Britain to the Defeat of Germany in the Second World War

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The Contribution of Britain to the Defeat of Germany in the Second World War

The Phoney War, 1939-40

By the end of September, Germany and Russia had defeated Poland. Britain and France made no effort to attack Hitler. A British Expeditionary Force of four divisions - 158,000 men with 25,000 vehicles - left for France on 11 Sept, but it was too small and poorly equipped to challenge the Nazi army. And France's strategy was dominated by the Maginot line, a defensive super-trench on the border, which French generals believed would keep France safe from Nazi attack.

The Phoney War appears to have been an attempt by Hitler to push Britain and other west European into backing down over Poland,
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330,000 men were trapped here and they were sitting target for the Germans. Admiral Ramsey, based in Dover, formulated Operation Dynamo to get off of the beaches as many men as was possible. The Belgians surrendered on 28 May, but since 26 May, The British did not tell the French, who only found out when some French troops, who had tried to flee to Britain, complained to their commander that they had not been allowed to get on the boats.

345,000 Allied troops were evacuated. When they heard about it, many private individuals sailed their yachts and paddleboats to Dunkirk to 'do their bit'. In Britain, Churchill described the withdrawal as 'a miracle of deliverance'. He even claimed 'there was a victory in that deliverance'. In the newspaper and newsreels, the evacuation was shown as a successful, heroic adventure

Battle of Britain =================

The Battle of Britain took place between August and September 1940. After the success of Blitzkrieg, the evacuation of Dunkirk and the surrender of France, Britain was by herself. Hitler planned to invade Britain. The Germans needed to control the English Channel to launch her invasion of Britain which the Germans code-named Operation Sea lion.

At the start of the war, Germany had 4,000 aircraft compared to Britain's front-line strength of 1,660. By the time of the fall of France, the Luftwaffe this was the German air

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