1. Unlike the North – a term in vogue today, among others, for highlighting the difference between the rich, industrialised nations of mostly Western Europe, North America, Australasia, and the rudimentary economies of Latin America, Asia and Africa – underdevelopment, characterised by low income levels, poverty, low living standards and other socio-economic ills seem to be a defining feature of countries in these regions, collectively described as the Global South. Thomas (2003), Hershberg and Moreno-Brid(2003), and, Solimano(2005) suggest, for instance, that the socio - economic structure of most Latin American countries remains defined by vast inequalities in income and wealth distribution, poverty, volatile growth, high mortality rate
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Although typically designed and managed by local actors, many countries across the global south have, and are increasingly seeing these processes come under regional and international influences with international actors sometimes being the main drivers of change at the national level. For instance, many of the post cold war political and constitutional reforms in the developing world and Africa in particular were also part of reforms recommended by the World Bank and donor countries to improve on economic governance to drive development (See supplement). What have been the key economic considerations for constitutional design? How are these considerations as well as the influence of regional and international actors and globalisation processes shaping constitutional design? What kind of economic systems, structures and institutions were, or are being framed in these constitutions? What has been the lived reality of these choices in terms of economic governance and development, and, what can be learned from these experiences?
The Background Paper: Purpose and Structure
3. A huge pool of practice and experiences - which can serve as a useful baseline to attempt answers at some of the questions above - has since been created by constitutional reform processes taking place in the last two decades across the global south. In November 2010, International IDEA’s Constitution Building Programme (CBP), in an