The Complex Relationship Between Mental Health and Crime Essay

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There is a complex relationship between mental health and crime. The cause of the relationship can include many different and diverse factors early in life. Hodgins (1997) said that the relationship between mental illness and criminality could be supported by three different types of evidence studies. There has been a great deal of theories on the links between personality and crime. One of them was Eysenck’s personality theory. He stated that criminals displayed had a higher level of three personality types; Extroversion, Neuroticism and Psychoticism (Newburn 2010). Statistics have also shown that children with ADHD, anti-social behaviour and educational difficulties are more likely to commit a crime whether as a juvenile or adult. In …show more content…
By looking at most statistics, studies and literature, it can clearly be said that there is a relationship between mental health, specifically personality disorders and crime (Hollins, 2013). It can be said that a person with a personality disorder is more likely to commit crime.
Mental health disorders are a more recent development with people becoming more interested in psychology in the past century. Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) was first seen to be a lifelong disorder; however, recent development in the area concluded that it can also be short term. “There's a high risk that someone with antisocial personality disorder will commit crimes and be imprisoned at some point in their life” (NHS). The term ASPD is a label given by psychiatrists when a person constantly demonstrates three or more of the following behaviour before the age of 15; failure to conform to social norms, deceitfulness, impulsivity, irritability/aggressiveness, reckless self-regard for safety of the self and others, consistent irresponsibility and lack of remorse. Many more personality can be used by a psychiatrist to diagnose personality disorder. These behavioural traits are often linked with crimes and many criminals show more than one of the traits. Studies have estimated that personality disorder affects between 4 and 11% of the UK population and between 60 and 70% of people in prison

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