The Civil Rights Movement in 1955 Essay

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The Civil Rights Movement of 1955

Prior to 1955, African-Americas in the south as well as the north had been denied the rights of fellow white Americans. Rights that had been granted to them under the 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments to the U.S. Constitution a law which white people wrote and were supposed to uphold. In the mid-1900’s, African-Americans began to challenge their stance in American society, no longer would they be viewed as second-rate citizens. This was due to the revival of the Harlem Renaissance and the Civil Rights Movement, which began with the courageous actions of one woman in Montgomery, Alabama. On December 1st, 1955, Rosa Parks, a 42-year old seamstress refused to yield her seat on a bus to a white
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Without delay, local black ministers Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. and Rev. Ralph Abernathy organized a citywide boycott of the bus line. Because the bus line was privately owned and its main patrons were African-American, the bus line nearly went bankrupt as a result of the loss of business. Despite their losses, the bus company refused to cave in to the demands of the boycott organizers. They claimed they were upholding the city’s segregation policies. Boycott organizers demanded that African-Americans be granted the full privileges of white patrons on the buses. After six months of court cases, a U.S. District Court ruled that segregation of the buses interfered with the 14th Amendment to the US Constitution. In December of 1956, the Court issued an injunction to integrate the buses, which set the tone for non-violent protests to be held.

When searching for sources, we chose a series of articles from December 3rd, 1955 to December 22nd, 1956. Each article reported on a unique event of the boycott, which we felt was important in the unfolding of the process of the buses becoming integrated. These were the best sources for an informational perspective on the boycott. However, the most interesting difference between these articles and the other sources we gathered were the different attitudes towards the event. It is quite obvious that in 1955 the New York Times (the nation’s premier news source) would view such an event as significant,

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