The Characteristics of Adolescents
Works Cited Not Included
Adolescence, the period of life between childhood and maturity, may be regarded as one of the most crucial stages through which the human individual passes in his journey from conception to death. For many, it is seen as the key stage in development. Changes in physique and the maturation of the reproductive system bring with them associated changes in emotions and the whole pattern of psychological characteristics is restructured as the individual strives to attain a sense of identity. Development in intellectual functioning provides the adolescent with the ability to question himself, his family, his world, and his values (Garrod,
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While a child can and does learn a multitude of facts about an enormous number of things, he only has a limited range of interests. The adolescent also acquires facts, but he wants to know the reasons behind them. He has an intellectual capacity far above that of the child, and he can grasp general principles, theories, and implications. He can see through some of the surface responses of people to their real feelings. He is no longer content with the active, unorganised games of childhood. He wants socialisation and organization in his activities. If the adolescent is male, he usually has two abiding interests: sports and girls. A girl's main interests are boys and social activities: dances, parties, outings, clothes, and interminable conversations on the telephone. Members of both sexes turn to music, romances, and comedies on television. They overhaul their ideas about life and plan for a future that they now see is rushing upon them. It is probable that an adolescent of eighteen or twenty years of age has enough mental capacity for adult activities and adult thinking, but he lacks experience of life and therefore often gallops off in pursuit of foolish and unreachable goals (Tatar, 1995).
Adolescents are chronically insecure and tend to take everything