The Change for Minority Groups after World War II Essays

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World War II brought enormous change for minority groups in America. African Americans were discriminated against in the Navy and through the army’s War Department, despite discrimination being banned in the Selective Service Act. The War Department stated that allowing African Americans serve together with whites would lower the morale of the white officers (“The Home Front”). In the book “The Home Front,” the author states, “Many top officials also believed, without any supporting evidence, that African Americans were not brave and disciplined enough to serve in combat units, even if they were segregated from whites.” This was to be completely disproven by the heroic actions of many African Americans, and their skill in fighting. The …show more content…
But it was by Davis’s sheer leadership skills alone that the ninety-ninth squadron was able to make the records that it did (“Benjamin”). General Davis faced two major problems with the ninety-ninth squadron: the pilots had little experience and Davis did not have the ability to assign white pilots to the squadron. Davis overcame both by receiving three volunteer white pilots to assist in training of the all black squadron. In June of 1943 the ninety-ninth was assigned to the 332 Fighter Group whose commander later carped the Tuskegee airmen as not being forceful enough, and gave all credit to the white fighter units (“Benjamin”). Soon after this incident, charges were filed against the ninety-ninth for being “inferior,” and these charges recommended that all black squadrons be assigned to non-combat positions. Davis was able to counter the charges, calling them “erroneous and racist” (“Benjamin”). Davis was soon after assigned as full commander of the 332 Fighter Group. When the general of the 15th Strategic Air Force expressed need for fighter squadrons to escort bombers, Davis knew his men could handle it. Under Davis’s command, the 332 Fighter Group lost none of the bombers that it escorted (“Benjamin”). Hannibal Cox, a pilot of the ninety-ninth was quoted as saying, "You had a bunch of young and well-educated blacks to control and discipline, which was not easy to do. He did it.

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