The battle of Hastings of 1066 intertwined English history with that of Normandy and consequently with France. Once William of Normandy conquered England, the nature of medieval English state transformed drastically. In 1086, all land in England became a fief held by the “crown in return for service.” Norman presence under King William “diminished local particularism” by scattering and distributing land. Furthermore, as Hollister and Stacey indicate, Norman Conquest brought with it, its own form of feudalism distinct from its French counterpart— “more orderly and thoroughgoing”.” As a result, a tightening of the military occurred; fortresses could no longer be built without royal authority to prevent insurrections. In addition, other
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In 1086, William’s administration accomplished an inventory of all English lands and property through an ordered a survey taken to learn more about the kingdom, which led to the formation of Domesday Book. William collected information on who lived in each region of England, and the property they owned, so as to calculate the amount taxes owed to the King. The English nobility after the Norman Conquest became Anglo-French aristocracy, thus becoming “accustomed to knightly cavalry warfare” . Most of the English elites were not only landowners in England as a result but had possessions in France. Norman Conquest changed hierarchical control of land that had existed prior to the conquest, England now had new control over parts of France. Land ownership in France for the nobility was a means to serve their king and gain new wealth. Therefore, for the period after 1066 the English aristocracies focus hinged on the French affairs as they had their economic investment there.
English kings after 1066 were not present in England throughout their reigns as they were also dukes of Normandy, so they traveled more often than a sovereign should. Consequently, English kings such as William the conqueror, Henry I and Henry II, hence showed more loyalty to their Dukedom of Normandy. For instance, Henry I spent many years of his reign in France leaving his Regents in