The Ancient Egyptians Essay

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The Ancient Egyptians

Ancient Egyptian civilization has always had an aura of mystery. What we do know about the ancient Egyptians is derived primarily from tombs and artifacts discovered thousands of years after their initial burial. One such tomb is that of the boy pharaoh Tutankhamen of the 18th dynasty in New Kingdom Egypt whose tomb contained a wide range of items preserved due to the arid conditions of the Egyptian nation. The treasures in the tomb present a snapshot of ancient Egyptian life revealing domestic life, craftsmanship, mummification processes and spiritual beliefs. The tomb of Tutankhamen, believed non-existent was found by two British archaeologists, Howard Carter and Lord
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In 1900, Carter was appointed Chief Inspector of Monuments of Upper Egypt with the Valley of the Kings, Tutankhamen's final resting place, under his jurisdiction. In 1904 he was transferred to Chief Inspector of Lower Egypt though resigned shortly afterwards due to differences with colleagues. Carter spent the next three years as a tourist guide occasionally working on excavations. On one such excavation with American Theodore Davis, the pair discovered Queen Hatshpsut's temple at Deir el-Bahri, Luxor. It is thought this discovery gave Carter the thought Tutankhamen's tomb was buried in the same valley contraire to Davis' belief who in 1914 proclaimed "I fear the Valley of the Kings is now exhausted."

One of Davis' discoveries in 1907, a small underground chamber filled with dried mud, an inscribed alabaster figure and a broken wooden box embossed with Tutankhamen's name in gold leaf, suggested to Carter the boy king's tomb was close by in the Valley of the Kings.

Davis also discovered a pit containing a dozen white pottery jars filled with linen, bags of chaff and natron, a small anthropoid mask of plaster and linen, bones of birds and animals, floral collars and two brooms all inscribed with the name of Tutankhamen. Initially thought insignificant, these items proved to be materials used by embalmers

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