Essay on Technological and Ethical Concerns of Cloning

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Before the discovery of Deoxyribonucleic acid, what scientists consider genotype and phenotype, or respectively innate and observable traits, inheritable traits were thought to be encoded by proteins. However, with the discovery of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and the understanding of its structure by Watson and Crick, the possibilities of cloning and even altering DNA become reality. Most notably, the successful cloning of a sheep, popularly known as Dolly, poses questions of what constitutes ethical standards of genetic alteration and copying. Stem cell research, which aims to fulfill purposes such as organ replacement without need of immunosuppressants, also becomes debatable with advancing technology. Known as Moore’s law, technology …show more content…
According to senior lecturer of pre-clinical studies at the University of Leicester, life begins at conception or when the male sperm meets the female ovum and merges to form a zygote. Although her opinion in no statistical manner represents the totality of all “pro-lifers,” the general stance is based in Judeo-Christianity or tertiary source guidelines concerning the biology of life; therefore, opposes any act of creation that is not God’s will or potential to destroy human life. This opinion is seemingly shared by the United States federal government, which dictates that the National Institutes of Health restrict funding of embryonic stem cell studies that derive the cells from in-vitro fertilization procedures or donations, as implemented by executive order of President Barack Obama. Scientifically, the process of removing stem cells from an embryo or guiding the division of adult stem cells is considered cloning, since a copy of genetic material is propagating itself within a separate environment other than the host human. However, with adult stem cells, the ethical considerations of stem cell research are eliminated. Legislation governing the more popularly known definition of cloning, or the creation of an exact copy of a species’ member, is strict and only permits cloning for the purpose of producing viable embryos for in-vitro

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