Technological Advances Associated with Space Exploration Essay

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Human space exploration had its beginning on October 4, 1957, when the Soviets launched Sputnik 1 into space. Sputnik was the first artificial satellite. The United States followed close behind, launching Explorer 1 into orbit in early 1958. The Soviet Union was also first to launch a man into space, when on April 12, 1961, Yuri Gagarin became the first human to orbit the earth on Vostok 1. Again, the United States followed shortly after when Alan Shepard made a suborbital flight, becoming the first American in space. The United States then followed with its first orbital flight when John Glenn went to space on February 20, 1962. President John. F Kennedy, the set a new goal for the United States, which was putting a man on the moon …show more content…
A September 2013 document compiled by the International Space Exploration Coordination Group (ISECG) provides the following quote.
“Technological knowledge, generated when high performance systems are developed to address the extreme challenges of space missions, yields many innovations that benefit the public. Scientific knowledge acquired from space expands humankind’s understanding of nature and frequently unlocks creative and useful Earth-based applications for society.” (International Space Exploration Coordination Group, 2013)
There are many examples of spinoff technologies developed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and other space agencies such as the European Space Agency (ESA). The Space Shuttle program, even though it is retired, continues to improve daily life through spinoff technologies. (NASA Center for AeroSpace Information, 2011) “The Space Shuttle requires more than half a million gallons of liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen fuel, which must remain at about -423 degrees Fahrenheit and -297 degrees Fahrenheit, respectively. Aspen Aerogels of Northborough, Massachusetts, worked with Kennedy Space Center through the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program to develop a robust, flexible form of aerogel for cryogenic insulation in Space Shuttle launch applications. As the leading provider of

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