Tae Kwon Do Essay

641 Words 3 Pages
Tae Kwon Do

The origin of Korean Karate like many other martial arts is obscure. If you were to read the various books on the subject you would come across many conflicting stories depending on who wrote the book and for what organization. Often enough Tang Soo Do or Tae Kwon Do the two main styles of Korean Karate are presented as having their roots in ancient Korea. Some claim that it has its origins in three dynasties, the Silla dynasty (668-935 A.D.), the Paekche dynasty (15 B.C. to 668 A.D.), and the Koguryu dynasty (935-1392 A.D.). There is no evidence linking Korean Karate or any modern day Korean martial art to the ancient Korean arts. Korean Karate actually has its roots in Japanese Shotokan Karate-Do. All of the
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It had no association with anything Japanese, as was the case with Tang Soo Do. However when you look at the forms at basic moves of Tae Kwon Do they appear almost exactly the same as Tang Soo Do. General Choi was successful in establishing Tae Kwon Do as the official martial art of Korea in 1965 and many former Tang Soo Do black belts crossed over to Tae Kwon Do. This further brought the two styles together. After the Korean War many foreign soldiers learned the art and brought it to their home countries. In America the art was spread by Jhon Rhee known to many as the father of American Tae Kwon Do.

Americans contributed to changes in Tae Kwon Do due to the tournament experience. In the early 60's fighters generally fought from a stationary position using 80% hand techniques and 20% foot techniques. Kicks were usually stomach level or lower and few fighters would kick off their lead leg. The standard kicks were front kicks or roundhouse kicks off the back leg. The counter reverse punch and the step through lunge punch were the standard hand techniques. Open tournament competitors in the same period were better kickers but their hand techniques were primitive and they also fought from a stationary stance with no footwork. Counter techniques and combinations were unknown. Kicks included roundhouse kicks off both lead and trailing leg and spinning back kicks. Most of these kicks came from the Southwest (possibly due to Jhon Rhee's

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