Syria and the Arab Spring Essay
After a wave of Arab nationalism swept through the region, the authority of the Ottoman Empire …show more content…
However, Baathist began to lose some of their domestic power in 1957 to the Communist Party as the appeal of radical leftist positions grew due to the incompetence of democratic governments the anti-Western sentiment spreading through the Arab world (Congressional Quarterly 442). In order to regain the power they were losing, Baathists in power agreed to form a union with Egypt who was under the power of president Gamal Abdel Nasser. Thus, the United Arab Republic was formed in February 1958.
The disastrous union only lasted three and a half years. During the time period, Syria experienced a drought and an economic recession which the effects were not eased by the union with Egypt. Additionally, the union resembled more of a merge instead of a federation of sovereign states. Therefore, the Syrian government which was smaller than Egypt’s was completely dominated by officials from Cairo who were loyal to Nasser. These officials not only dissolved all political parties in Syria but also implemented radical land reforms that were not