Suicide Risks in Adopted Adolescence
In a recent article published by Fox News it states that a new study shows a relation in suicidal tendencies to adopted adolescents. This article is based on a study from Sweden that found adopted children attempted suicide more often and a similar study conducted at the University of Minnesota by Margaret Keyes a psychologist on American adopted children. The article makes a point to stress that the studies do not directly show that all adopted children will attempt suicide or have suicidal thoughts and tendencies, rather they raise the question why is it that the children have these feelings and thoughts. The Minnesota study shows that throughout the three year study that 56 participants attempted
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First off, biological factors. These factors can include psychological problems from the biological parent such as, depression, drug dependency, or mental disorders. In many private adoption cases the adoptive parents are not aware of the medical history of the biological parents. In speculation it is thought that the biological predisposition of the child could lead to suicidal risks such as depression or a history of suicide however a study done in 2012 by several psychiatrists at John Hopkins it is shown that adopted children whose only biological parents were hospitalized for psychiatric disorders including suicide were less likely to commit suicide compared to those whose adoptive parents were hospitalized for psychiatric disorders not including suicide. The conclusion of this study states, “These results imply that suicide attempts among those at biological risk might be prevented with the early recognition and care of parental psychiatric illness (Wilcox, Kuramoto, Brent & Runeson, 2012).” This study was also derived from the original Sweden based study of adopted children. These results would suggest that the suicide attempts are less likely to be caused from biological factors and can be more directed toward nurture based factors such as depression, and suicidal idealization in the home.