Currently, individuals with mental and physical disabilities ever more add to varied populations at higher education institutions. In 1978, the amount of full-time freshmen with disabilities was 2.6 percent, but as of 1998, the amount of individuals with disabilities has risen to 9 percent. The fastest growing and most common classification of disability, learning disability, was reported by freshmen was 41 percent in 1998 (Education Encyclopedia, 2010). Institutions of higher education acknowledge that a considerable portion of the students may experience difficulties that meet the criteria as learning disabilities, and the collection of collaboration services recommended to such individuals is rising. Aid range from counseling
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Other classification of disabilities reported in 1998 was visual impairment (13 percent), orthopedic-associated impairments (9 percent), and speech impairments (5.3 percent). The classification of physical condition-associated disabilities included cystic fibrosis, cancer and multiple sclerosis was 19 percent and additional unspecified disabilities was 22 percent. The final classification include attentions deficit disorder (ADD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and psychiatric disabilities. Hearing impairments in was 12 percent in 1996 (Education Encyclopedia, 2010).
Before 1973, the Fourteenth Amendment was the only national legislation that offered widespread fortification for individuals with disabilities. The Fourteenth Amendment required states to offer equivalent defense of persons inside their particular rule and to give due process whenever state action could negatively influence existence, freedom and or possessions. Further, this amendment allowed a person to have a trial by jury and to be paid for damages when the state performance was responsible for an infringement of federal law or statutory privileges. Conversely, the amendment did not give explicit security to individuals with disabilities as it had provided for persons concerning race, gender, and other categories of inequity (Thomas, 2000).
Presently, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 provides specific