Spread of Islam Essay

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Islam began in Mecca when the Prophet Muhammad began to spread the word of God (292). The Prophet “sought to warn his people against worshipping false gods and all immortality, especially injustice to the poor, orphans, widows, and women altogether” (293). The first converts of the religion were Meccan townsfolk and farmers (292). While some prominent Meccans joined him, the aristocracy generally resisted his teachings (293-94). According to the Qur’an, paradise lies in gratitude to God as well as in his guidance and forgiveness (293). Muhammad is accepted as the last of many prophets chosen to spread the word of God (293). Unfortunately, the Prophets’ teachings did not readily spread and succeed (293). Still, many peoples followed his …show more content…
The fifth caliph, Mu’awiya continued expanding and initiated the new Umayyad Dynasty (297). In the Mediterranean, an Islamic fleet conquered Cyprus, plundered Sicily and Rhodes, and crippled Byzantine sea power (297). In 680, the Arabs set up a garrison command in Khorasan for greater control of Persia (297). During this period, much of Anatolia was raided, the grand Constantinople was besieged, and Armenia came under Islamic rule (297). In decades to come, the eastern Berbers of North Africa were both defeated and converted to Islam (297). Following this defeat was the fall of “the West” (297). Armies began raids into Spain in 711 and by 716 the disunited Spanish Visigoth kingdoms and Iberia fell (297). During these conquests, “Qur’an reciters went among the Arab Armies to teach the essentials of the Muslim faith and practice” (297). Overall, the ceaseless warfare between the Byzantines and Sasanids weakened their economies as well as their militaries. This made the conquests attainable and allowed Islam to expand throughout the region (297). The new Islamic vision of society and life united Arabs and attracted others (297). Islamic law focused on the family and provided an outline of the rights of women and men (295). The Qur’an improved the status of women (296). One of these improvements being the prohibition of the common practice of female infanticide (296). The Qur’an also recognized that a woman has the right to contract her own marriage, receive dowry from her

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