Sociological Theory Essay

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It is a theme in sociology to discover where and why there are social inequalities, either as a result of class stratification, gender, race, and/or a combination of these factors. Theorist cannot explore, or even attempt to, discuss all of the issues so they develop explanations that, at times, coincide with one another. In dealing with the relationship between two conceptualized ideas, oppression/inequality and individualist/liberal ideology, theorist seem to focus on the cause and effect association that structures these ideas. Focusing on four theorist and their ideas for the production of these relationships we will discover how they intertwine and build on each person’s understanding of one topic, and show how it can branch to cover …show more content…
p.94). Marshall explains that in the past these rights were one “institution” and the fusion of these rights were exclusively based on the individual class status.
In chronological order, according to Marshall, the concept of civil rights was the first to be severed from the fused institution in the eighteenth century (Marshall 1995 [1965].p.96). Civil rights rose from the removal of assigned occupations based on “social classes” (Marshall 1995 [1965].p.97) and open up the economic playing field for persons that were held under oppression from “local and group monopolies” and the “ Elizabethan Statute of Artificers”, which is explained earlier as the assignment of occupations based on class (Marshall 1995 [1965].p.97). The attitudes towards these monopolies were perceived as an economical threat for individuals to improve their socioeconomic status, challenging the civil rights definition of liberty. That threat fueled a movement toward the explicit definition of civil rights and the annulment from the fused institution. Even with these changes, civil rights did not directly affect those unqualified for certain occupations towards career liberty due to their lack of resources.
These new set of laws that could be applied to all men, hence the emphasis on men, in the eighteen century is a concept the Iris Marion Young, the author of “Gender as Seriality:

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