Social Exclusion Essay examples
The task at hand, is to define and discuss various types of poverty, social exclusion, oppression and social policy, whilst indicating an understanding of sociological theories and the impact of social policy on society. In completing this assignment I hope to show that I have assimilated some knowledge through reading, research, and the college sequences so far. I will breakdown the assignment into its constituent parts, and discuss each part under a clear heading. Throughout the essay I will endeavour to show an awareness of sensitive issues, anti-discriminatory practice, and how this affects the delivery of social work services.
Defining Poverty …show more content…
Seebohm Rowntree based his definition of absolute poverty on a subsistence level, per se, 'the things people need, in order to stay alive'. Absolute poverty defines basic human 'need' in terms of food, shelter, and clothing. Rowntree (1899) in Townsend (1979) refers to 'Primary Poverty'' This means people do not generate enough money each week to afford a normal, healthy life style even if they act frugally, and 'Secondary Poverty' which is having enough funds to cover the basic essentials, but being less thrifty. More recently Joseph Rowntree talks about being in 'Absolute' and Overall' Poverty'.This was discussed and defined at the World Summit for Social Development in 1995 in Copenhagen. (4). It is seen as the first attempt to set down a definition that could be used to compare poverty consistently across countries. A criticism of absolute poverty is that it was based on an assumption that there are minimum basic needs for all people, in all societies (5)
Relative Poverty or Deprivation -------------------------------
As a result of the inflexibility of 'absolute' poverty, the concept of relative poverty was devised. Relative Poverty can be defined as being 'in poverty', if people are unable to attain the accepted standard of living of their relevant societies.
Samuel Mencher states
'The argument for