The single-member district election system is the most common and best-known electoral system currently in use in America. It is used to elect the U.S. House Representatives, as well as many state and local legislatures. Under single member district systems, an area is divided into a number of geographically defined voting districts, each represented by a single elected official. Voters can only vote for their district’s representative, with the individual receiving the most votes winning election. This method of electing representatives is better than any alternative solution in various ways. Four compelling reasons to support the single-member district election system include the fact that single-member districts give each voter a
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Single-member districts solve this problem by appointing one winner in each district, regardless of party affiliation. That way, regardless of what party the voters personally align to, they can vote for whichever candidate they think will do the best job representing them. Districts with a heavy single party majority will generally give that vote to the main party but it is the best method we have to allow all voters a voice in an effort to attain more balanced, fair elections.
An advantage to single-member districts is that the people are represented geographically. Often, members of a district will share economic ups and downs due to local industry, farming or business concerns. Having their own representative gives them quicker access to government and a unified voice, two elements critical to improving their economy. In addition, geographic regions often contain concentrations of ethnic, cultural, or religious groups who may share similar values and goals. It is likely that their representative will understand them and may even belong to the same group. Finally, sharing the same geographical area means that all tax dollars will go to benefit a specific location to be shared by its members. Single-member districts are also a great way to ensure representatives are accountable. Because the voters directly control their specific representative, they have the ability to remove and replace anyone who doesn’t accurately represent them. For example,