Does everyone have their seat belts on? This is a question that children hear repeated each time their parents start the vehicle. Seat belt laws are enforced in in forty-nine of the fifty states even so; parents reiterate it time after time to keep us safe rather than just following the law. Beginning in the 1930’s, physicians determined that a lap belt should be used in automobiles to avoid serious injury or a fatality. Over the years, the simple two-point lap belt has evolved into a multiple point seat belt used for many different types of driving. Racer car drivers generally use a five-point harness. However, for normal every day driving “the three-point”, lap and shoulder combination “is considered the safest version and is
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They feel that they are putting themselves at risk and that law enforcement agencies need to concentrate on those that put others at risk. Balaker (2008), a member of the Reason Foundation argues, “‘Regulators should take a deep breath, allow beltless motorists to put themselves at risk, and go hassle the dangerous drivers.”’ Not wearing a seat belt is currently a crime. But who is the crime against? Proponents support that by establishing a primary law to enforce the use of the seat belts is instrumental in getting people to actually use them and encourage a life preserving habit (Higgins, 2010).
Next, seat belts are safety restraints that were designed to minimize the effects of injury or death in highway vehicle accidents. As Roeber (2008) argued, “‘The single greatest defense against highway fatalities is a vehicle’s seat belts.”’ The seat belt locks during the primary impact of the vehicle into another car or object. Furthermore, the locking of the belt prevents occupants from a secondary impact into an object inside the vehicle such as the steering wheel, windshield or being ejected. Opponents believe that a seat belt will hinder an escape in a rollover accident or one with fire dangers. Proponents are steadfast to agree with government agencies in their testing results which have proven that to remain inside a damaged vehicle after an