The psychological battle of Holden Caulfield in the Catcher in the Rye, serves as the basis for the entire novel. Salinger's portrayal of Holden, which includes incidents of depression, a nervous breakdown, impulsive spending, sexual exploration, vulgarity, and other erratic behavior, attributes to the genuine nature of the novel. Salinger creates a real, relatable story by focusing on Holden´s thoughts and impressions of the events described in the novel, rather than the events themselves. The novel shows that the plot of the story isn’t that important in terms of importance, the Catcher in the Rye focuses more on what Holden thinks and how he thinks, creating an interesting, relevant story based on the psyche of a single character.
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Struggling to remain on topic, Holden has impulsive and dramatic bursts of insight and ideas that he does not give proper thought to before presenting them. When Holden becomes obsessed with an impulsive plan of his he can’t control his excitement consistently claims that “[he] wasn’t even screaming” when talking about his idea, which the reader can assume to be false because even sane people talk louder when they’re excited. (172). When he wants run away with Sally to a different state she chides him by telling him “we’re both practically children” and that they would “starve to death” (172). Her reason contrasted to Holden’s dramatic and mistaken scheming is obvious. It is clear that he lacks the sound judgment and critical thinking skills that others of his age possess. Holden embellishes fantasies until he discards them as quickly as he adopted them. His frenzied attachment to insensible plans reveals that he has underlying psychological problems.
Holden’s extreme cynicism, which he uses to justify his alienation from others, indicates a deeper emotional and psychological struggle. Although he is reasonably cynical towards people who are phony, his negativity and criticism of others often extend beyond the realm of reason. He resists the formation of intimate relationships with others, finding flaws too great to ignore in every acquaintance. Holden dismisses his history teacher at Pencey,