Preventing Malaria Essay

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Preventing Malaria

Updated by Søren Thybo, Consultant and specialist in infectious diseases:

What is malaria?

Malaria is a serious tropical disease that in the extreme can be fatal. It is widespread across the globe in tropical and subtropical areas. Globally, malaria is a huge health problem with 300 million new cases per year. In Denmark, turning around, 100 people returned from abroad every year with the disease. Deaths among Danes have fortunately been rare some years, but in 2008, was a Danish woman infected in the Gambia and died in Denmark untreated.

How you prevent malaria?

Prevention is about two things:

To avoid mosquito bites.

To take preventive medicine if you are traveling or living in a malaria
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The network will be close without gaps, and it must be inserted into the ground. During the day, it rolled together so that mosquitoes and other insects cannot enter while it is not used.

Bring your own such a network. You cannot always count on impregnated nets are at your destination. Impregnation may be by certain networks with up to 3 years for others' network, only approx. havlt a year, and must then re-impregnated. Unfortunately, you cannot buy impregnation product at home, so you will normally have to buy a new network.

Preventive medicine:

The last few years there has been vigorous debate about the antimalarials used for prevention. The problem is that there is an ideal product, which is both inexpensive, effective, without side effects and safe enough that it can be used by both pregnant women and children or taken for long periods.

Chloroquine: Chloroquine was almost perfect when it came out, but today there is widespread resistance to the means. This means that chloroquine does not work against all malaria parasites.

Paludrine (proguanil): (Paludrine is a more expensive product, which tastes bitter and must be taken every day. Even to this product is now widespread resistance.

The combination of chloroquine and paludriune recommended no longer to Africa because of the resistance - but can be used by pregnant

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